cenotaph londonIntroduced in January, 2010, "Remember: on this day" is a way in which the WFA - through its aim of "Remembering" - will feature a casualty from the Great War each day on our home page.

Those shown are from any side and any service, and we describe not just those who were killed in action (KIA) on the day in question, but those who were on active service who died for any reason. We aim wherever possible to show an image of the casualty, a short text about his or her background, and the cause of death.

This feature is produced in collaboration with David O'Mara of Croonaert Research Services.

13 June 1915 Smith HardakerKilled in action on this day

15241 Pte. Smith Hardaker, 10th Bn. Duke of Wellington's (W.Riding Regt)

Born at Haworth, Yorkshire in 1886, Smith was living in Skipton by the time war was declared.

 A weaver, Mr. Hardacker enlisted into the army in January 1915. Hardacker was sent to France in August of the same year. 

Trained as a bomber, he saw much action during subsidiary actions for the Battle of Loos before settling in to routine trench warfare in the Armentieres to Carency area of the Western Front into the following year.

On the afternoon of the 13th June 1916 the dugout occupied by the battalion bombers was hit by German artillery fire killing two men and wounding another four. One of the dead was Smith.

Pte. Smith Hardaker is buried in Bois-de-Noulette British Cemetery at Aix-Noulette, Pas de Calais.

 KIA 13 June 1916

 

 

Researched by David O'Mara

 

Discover more

At the Fourth President's Conference on Saturday, 27th June 2015 when amongst speakers Dr Nick Lloyd will be giving a talk on the Battle of Loos.

  • “The Battle of Loos: Planning, Execution and impact on the BEF’s Learning Process”
    Dr Nick Lloyd

 

 

12 June 1915 Emil Fauler Killed in Action

U/Offz. Emil Fauler, 5.Komp. Res.Inf.Regt. 250

Emil Fauler was born at Burladingen, Baden-Württemberg on 22nd June 1893.

He was called into service at the outbreak of war. He saw service on the Russian Front from February 1915.

Emil Fauler's regiment suffered heavy losses at the Masurian Lakes within days of his arrival at the front. Wounded in action near Lake Narotch in the early Autumn of 1915, he continued to serve in Russia and Galicia until the end of 1917 when he was transferred to the Western Front.

Emil Fauler took part as 21 German Divisions attacked on a 23 Mile front hitting the French between Montdidier and the Oise River. The French were ready. They absorbed the blow and counter attacked, throwing the Germans back and exacting heavy losses. By the 12th of June the offensive was over. U/Offz Fauler was killed in action at Esmery (near Ham), Somme, during the Battle of Noyon-Montdidier on 12th June 1918. 

Emil Fauler is buried the German military cemetery at Manicourt, Somme. He held the Iron Cross 2nd Class.

KIA 12 June 1918

 

 

Researched by David O'Mara

10 June 1915 Clarence Ray White
Pvt. Clarence Ray White, 4th Marine Brigade, United States Marine Corps (USMC)

Clarence White was born at Van Buren Township, Indiana on September 27th 1891.

He enlisted into the US Marine Corps at Akron, Ohio on April 22nd 1917.

 After training at Parris Island, South Carolina, Private White was sent overseas to the American Expeditionary Forces in early 1918.

Pvt. Clarence Ray White servied under the instruction of the French Army in Alsace and Lorraine. He then went northwards as part of the force to help counter the German Spring offensive of 1918.

Pvt. White was killed in action in Belleau Wood on 10th June 1918 and buried soon afterwards in the American cemetery established there.

His remains were repatriated to the USA post-war.

 KIA 10 June 1918

 

 

Researched by David O'Mara

8June1915 Uoffz Martin GlasU/offz. Martin Glas, 2.Komp. Kgl. Bay. 16. Inf. Regt. ‘Großherzog Ferdinand von Toskana’

Martin Glas was born in 1891. He was a businessman from Frauenbiburg, Bavaria. At the time of the outbreak of war he had recently returned to civilian life after his compulsory military service.

Martin Glas was recalled in August 1914.

He saw action in Alsace and then Lorraine from August 12th 1914.

During the ‘Race to the Sea’ he was located in the Peronne area.

Between September and December 1914 he saw heavy action at Combles and Maricourt. After remaining on the Somme front over the winter of 1914/15.

Martin Glas was killed in action by a shell splinter at Maison Blanche, Arras on 8th June 1915.

Martin Glas has no known grave.

8 June 1915

 

 

Research by David O'Mara

11 June 1915 Henri Herduin
Executed on this day

1295 S/Lieut. Henri Valentin Herduin, 17 Cie. 347e R.I.

Henri Herduin was born at Reims, Marne on 5th June 1881. He was a professional soldier who began his career with the 8e Régiment d'Infanterie Coloniale at Cherbourg in October 1899.

After service as art of the Expeditionary Corps in China between 1900 and 1903 and further service in Cochinchine between 1904 and 1907, Herduin returned to France where he transferred to the 147e Régiment d'Infanterie at Sedan. By now a sergeant, he remained at Sedan until 1914 when, during mobilisation on 3rd August 1914, he suffered a broken leg in an accident and was sent to hospital in Sedan. Though still recovering, Henri managed to evade the German occupation of Sedan and made his way towards Reims where he was soon in action in the defence of the city.

In October 1914, Sgt. Herduin was commended for his bravery, awarded the Medaille Militaire and promoted to Sous-Lieutenant. After transferring to the newly formed 347e Régiment d'Infanterie, he remained in the Champagne sector for the whole of 1915 before moving to Alsace for the first 5 months of 1916.

In the first week of June 1916, Sgt. Herduin arrived at Verdun and moved to the frontline at the Ferme de Thiaumont on 5th June.

On 8th June, attacking German forces overwhelmed the positions of the 347e R.I. and inflicted huge losses. With over half of his command dead, desperately short of ammunition, low on food and water and surrounded with no communications at Thiaumont, Henri, along with another surviving officer - S/Lt Pierre Millant of the 19e compagnie – decided to attempt a withdrawal under the cover of darkness. After returning to the French lines , Henri and S/Lt.Millant were ordered to return to their positions and recover the land lost by their regiment earlier in the day but, after explaining that this would be impossible with the 40 remaining (exhausted) survivors, they, instead, ordered their men to return to Verdun for a rest.

After remaining in Verdun for the next 48 hours, Lt. Herduin and S/Lt Millant were ordered to return with their men to the front line at Fleury devant Douaumont where they were to regroup with other survivors of the regiment. Upon arrival however, the officer commanding the remnants, Capitaine Delaruelle, received a communication from Colonel Bernard calling for the ‘immediate execution’ of Lts Herduin and Millant for the crime of abandoning their posts and dereliction of duty. Believing that there must have been a mistake, Delaruelle asked for written confirmation from Col. Bernard’s superior, General Boyer and sealed an explanatory note (from Herduin) in an envelope to be delivered by messenger. The messengers soon returned with the un-opened envelope but with further orders from Bernard. ‘No comment. Immediate execution’.

Lieut. Henri Herduin and S/Lt. Pierre Millant were executed by firing squad in the railway cutting at Fleury at 17:43 hrs on 11th June 1916.

Initially buried on the eastern edge of the Bois de Fleury, their bodies were re-interred in the military cemetery at Fleury in October 1919 before being exhumed again in the 1920’s. Henri is now buried in his family plot in the Cimetière de l'Est, Reims and Pierre Millant is buried in the Necropole Nationale at Douaumont. 

Lt. Henri Herduin and S/Lt. Pierre Millant were granted posthumous pardons in October 1926. 

Executed 11 June 1916 

 

 

Researched by David O'Mara

9June1915 Ers Rez Romuald FleischmannErs-Rez. Romuald Fleischmann, 12 Komp. Kgl. Bay. 3. Inf.Regt. ’Prinz Karl von Bayern’

Herr Flesichmann was a salesman from Wornstorf, Bavaria who was born in February 1890.

A recalled reservist in August 1914, Romuald Fleischmann saw action in Lorraine and on the Somme from the first weeks of the war into the spring of 1915.

He was severely wounded during the fighting near Arras in early June 1915.

He died in Field Hospital No.4 on 9th June 1915.

Romuald Fleischmann is buried in the German military cemetery at Neuville St.Vaast, Pas-de-Calais.

9 June 1915

 

 

Research by David O’Mara

7June1916 Pte Leonard Parker 31 Bn CEF 80188 Pte Leonard Parker 31 Bn Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)

Born at Ingleton, Yorkshire on 2nd May 1881, Pte Parker had seen pre-war service in the Scots Guards prior to emigrating to Canada where he became employed as a miner in Alberta.

Leonard Parker enlisted into the CEF at Calgary on March 16th 1915. He trained in Canada and the UK and was sent to the Western Front towards the end of 1915.

Involved in the Actions of the St.Eloi Craters in March and April 1916, Leonard remained in the Ypres Salient until he was killed in action by shell fire near Mont Sorrel on 7th June 1916. He was one of 60 casualties from within his battalion that day.

Pte Leonard Parker has no known grave. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.

7 June 1916

 

 

The Western Front Assocation (WFA) Chairman's Tour October 2015 takes in this later action.

WFA Poets Tour July 1914

 

 

Research by David O'Mara

Back to top